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Protective effects of ethanolic extract of Alhagi maurorum roots on renal failure induced by acetaminophen in mice


Journal of Applied Biotechnology & Bioengineering
Seham I AL-Nafea, Mohammed O Aljahdali

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Abstract

The protective actions of ethanol Alhagi maurorum (AM) root ethanol extract on acetaminophen-induced oxidative stress and renal toxicity in mice was evaluated. Forty male SWR strain albino mice aged 8 weeks were grouped into five groups. G1 (n=5): as control. G2 (n=5): administered orally a single dose of acetaminophen (2000mg/kg). G3 (n=10) administrated orally 200 mg/kg of roots ethanol extract for one week then acetaminophen as G2 at 8th day and; G4 (n=10) administrated orally 400 mg/kg of roots ethanol extract for one week then acetaminophen as G2 at 8th day; G5 (n=10) administrated orally 600 mg/kg of roots ethanol extract for one week then acetaminophen as G2 at 8th day. At end of experiments, the mice were killed under anesthesia and blood samples were gathered to preform complete blood test (CBC), serum levels of urea and creatinine and oxidative stress biomarkers as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and catalase (CAT) using available Elisa mice kits. Kidneys were removed and histologically examined. Acetaminophen intake significantly elevated WBCs, neutrophils, monocytes, urea and creatinine levels and significantly decreased RBCs, hemoglobin, hematocrit, GSH, SOD and CAT (P <0.05). Treatment with Alhagi maurorum roots extract especially high dose (600 mg/kg) resulted in decreased in WBCs, neutrophils, monocytes, urea and creatinine levels and significantly increased RBCs, hemoglobin, hematocrit, GSH, SOD and CATversusacetaminophen group. Alhagi maurorum root extract treatment similarly decreased renal histological alteration induced by acetaminophen. This study can be utilized as prove of reading that Alhagi maurorum ethanol root extract especially high dose might be administered to prevent renal destruction induced by acetaminophen due to its antioxidant activity

Keywords

acetaminophen, Alhagi maurorum, mice, renal failure, toxicity

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