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A rare case presentation of acute myo-pericarditis in a patient with lupus flare


MOJ Clinical & Medical Case Reports
Luis Caraballo, Joel Brooks, Evelyn Bryon, Jose Gascon, Jose G Pantaleon

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Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multisystem, inflammatory disorder of autoimmune etiology of unknown cause. Cardiac involvement during systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may include the pericardium, myocardium, valvular disease, including Libman-Sacks endocarditis, and coronary arteries. Myocarditis is a severe unusual feature most common in African-American that can be asymptomatic with a prevalence of 8-25% in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Acute myo-pericarditis with subsequent heart failure is a life threatening complication of SLE that needs to get recognized early to prevent mortality to the patient. Steroids is the first line therapy in patients with acute myopericarditis. Here we present a rare case of SLE flare presenting as Acute myopericarditis.

Keywords

acute myopericarditis, systemic lupus erythematosus, medication-induced hypertension, pericardial effusions, cardiomegaly, adenopathy, hypervascular

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