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Impact of mosquito-borne diseases on global public health


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Abstract

Mosquito-borne diseases are a concern of global public health and safety. Risk of mosquito-borne illness varies greatly with occupation, age, ethnicity, gender, income status, travel frequency, and climate change. Those at most risk of being infected by a mosquito-borne disease include frequent travelers, healthcare personnel, laboratory workers, and those whose occupation is mostly conducted outside or in wooded areas. Many people become sick after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Some people have mild short-term illness and in cases some people experience long-term illnesses. Severe cases of mosquito-borne diseases have resulted in death. Recommendations include investing in climate change, increasing the availability of vaccines globally, the use of health and mosquito surveillance systems, and forming regional and international action plans for disease control in the case of an endemic, epidemic, or a pandemic.

Keywords

global public health, mosquito-borne diseases, regional and international action, biting insects, immune compromised, endemic populations, non-discriminatory, interbred mosquitos, vector control, vaccine dissemination, pollution regulations

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