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Yield and economic analysis of three chili hybrids (Capsicum annuum, L.) in cuatro caminos, san gabriel, jalisco, Mexico


Horticulture International Journal
González Tiburcio Gregorio, González Mateos Ricardo, Pereyda Hernández Juan, González Zavaleta Sandra Vianey

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Abstract

The purpose was to analyze the performance, investment and profitability of three chili hybrids of the Company "González Produce RESE SPR DE RL", in Cuatro Caminos, San Gabriel, Jalisco, Mexico. The hybrids evaluated were: Caloro, Serrano – Platino and Jalapeño – Valquiria. The experimental unit was one hectare per hybrid, with fertigation and mulching. The beds were 1.20 m wide, with double-row planting and 0.30 m of separation between plants. The yield (t ha-1) was calculated with the number of harpillas harvested, multiplied by 30 kg for Caloro and Jalapeño, and 25 kg for Serrano. Economic income, cost / benefit ratio, equilibrium point and invested weight gain were estimated. Chile Serrano registered 1,658 arpillas ha-1, equivalent to 41 t ha-1, surpassed Caloro and Jalapeño by 8.39 and 36.0%, respectively. Caloro's production cost was $ 556,347.00 ha-1, 34 and 51% higher than Serrano and Jalapeño. The income obtained from the sale of Serrano pepper was $ 969,050.00, 3.9 and 31% higher than Caloro and Jalapeño. The C / B ratio for Serrano was 1.78; Caloro, 1.67 and Jalapeño, 1.21. The equilibrium point was reached for Caloro at 7.08 t ha-1, Serrano – Platino and Jalapeño –Valquiria with 10.21 and 20.72 t ha-1, respectively.

Keywords

chili yield, caloro, jalapeño and serrano, economic analysis, breakeven, pests and diseases, competitive and sustainable, anti-inflammatory, harpillas harvested, vehicles and equipment, vegetative development, medium potential, conclusionand bibliography

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