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Insights of medicinal mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum): prospects and potential in India

Biodiversity International Journal
Arvind Bijalwan,1 KalpanaBahuguna,1 Amol Vasishth,1 Alankar Singh,1 Sumit Chaudhary,1 Anil Tyagi,2 MP Thakur,3 Tarun Kumar Thakur,4 Manmohan JR Dobriyal,5 Rajesh Kaushal,1 Arjun Singh,2 Nandini Maithani,2 Devendra Kumar,1 Gaurav Kothari,1 Pramod Kumar Chourasia2

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Medicinal mushrooms have been used since olden days for the treatment of various diseases. Ganoderma lucidum or Reishi is a medicinal mushroom of significant importance which is gaining popularity due to the presence of numerous bio-active ingredients in it. Wild collection of this mushroom along with its cultivation is done worldwide to meet its everincreasing demand in the market. Although, artificial or sawdust method of its cultivation on different woody substrates is commonly used but wood log cultivation method is also in practice. The steps for its cultivation include spawn preparation, substrate preparation, fruiting body management, harvesting and storage with their own set of requirements and precautions for each step. Several healthcare, personal care, food and beverage products made of its extract are being marketed and consumed worldwide. In this review, a general understanding about the cultivation of medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum, current market scenario and its potential in Indian markets are discussed.


medicinal mushroom, ganoderma lucidum, cultivation technique, spawn, marketing