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Evaluation of the effectiveness of virgin camel’s urine as antifungal agents

Journal of Bacteriology & Mycology: Open Access
Hani MA Abdelzaher,1,2 Mohamed Alsuhaymi,3 Fawwaz MT Alshammari,1 Senaid AS Alshammari,1 Zeyad MS Alshammari1

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In the religion of Muslims, urine of the virgin camels is considered a method to treat some diseases. This has been studied with neutrality to confirm these beliefs. The controversy revolves around the effectiveness of the virgin camels urine in treating many diseases, as well as its positive role as inhibitors for the growth of fungi, as the inheritance and folk medicine among the inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula confirm the effectiveness of the urine of the virgin camel as anti-fungi and this is denied by the international scientific community. Some research has been conducted in Saudi Arabia on the role of camel urine as anti-fungi, and therefore we have conducted some research here on proving the effectiveness of virgin camel urine as anti-fungal against Aspergillus niger and Epicoccum purpurascens and comparing that effectiveness with ewe and Human urine. In order to obtain fungi for conducting antagonistic experiments, fungi present in shower fibers (loofah) and dishwashing sponges were isolated. A. niger was isolated from all the bath fibrils (organic white or plastic), and no other fungi appeared, while the same fungus appeared in the bath sponge along with another fungus which is E. purpurascens. Results showed the efficacy of virgin camels urine in inhibiting growth of A. niger and E. purpurascens in liquid and solid media after a 7days at 28°C. There was no effective addition of ewes and human urine. Results corroborate the efficacy of the virgin camels urine to inhibit of growth of A. niger and E. purpurascens.


antifungal agent, Aspergillus niger, Epicoccum purpurascens, dishwashing sponge, shower bath fiber (loofah), virgin camels female urine