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Malaysia technical and vocational education and training (TVET) history and transformation

Journal of Historical Archaeology & Anthropological Sciences
Ridzwan Che Rus,1 Ruhizan Mohamad Yasin2

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Malaysia's apprenticeship is one of the government's premier efforts in providing skilled labor to meet the needs of industry in Malaysia. According to statistics released by the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) of the Prime Minister's Department of Malaysia, in 2018 Malaysia had 11.6 million workers comprising 51.4 percent in the services sector, 42.6 percent in the manufacturing sector, and 12 percent in the agricultural sector. With 3.3 percent of unemployment rate, this scenario makes Malaysia a highly competitive country in the 18th world because almost half of its people work. This also puts the country with the lowest unemployment rate in the world. However, the job training sector continues to be a key focus of the government to accelerate technical and vocational education through apprenticeship training provided at various skill institutions in Malaysia.


Malaysia, workers, training, vocational education, apprenticeship