Corona virus (CoVid19) genome: genomic and biochemical analysis revealed its possible synthetic origin
- Journal of Applied Biotechnology & Bioengineering
Tapan Kumar Mohanta,1 Yugal Kishore Mohanta2
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The Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) corona virus 2 SARS-CoV-2 mediated epidemic is a global pandemic. It has evolved as a curse to the human civilization and at the present situation, where most of the cities in the world are on lockdown. The first genome sequence data of SARS-CoV-2 (CoVid19) and their reports that followed concluded that it was a member of the genus Betacoronavirus and has a bat reservoir. To understand its origin and evolution, we conducted a deep comparative study by comparing the genomes of bat SARS CoV and other SARS CoVs (including human SARS CoV of German isolate). Results revealed that CoVid19 genomes from isolates of China, India, Italy, Nepal, and the United States of America has sequence similarity of 79-80% only with the bat SARS CoV and it has sequence similarity of approximately 60% with the human SARS CoV of German isolate. Whereas, the sequence similarity within the CoVid19 genomes of these countries was 99-100%. If the SARS CoV infection happened to human through the SARS CoV of bat origin, it should have sequence similarity of more than 99% which was absent in this case. Phylogenetic analysis revealed, bat SARS CoV did not fall with the group of SARS CoV of China, India, Italy, Nepal, and USA isolates. The genome analysis revealed the presence of multiple microsatellite repeats sequences. Proteome analysis revealed, the melting temperature (Tm) of surface glycoprotein was less than 55o C, suggesting the steam treatment can be an ideal preventative measure to destabilize the CoVid19, and thus it’s spreading.
SARS, corona virus, SARS-CoV-2, CoVid19, MERS, epidemic, pandemic