Cerebroplacental ratio in gestational hypertension and its impact on neonatal weight
- Obstetrics & Gynecology International Journal
Mahmoud Alalfy, Ahmed Okasha, Omar Abdalfatah
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Background: Pregnancy a physiological process that involves changes in vascular system responsiveness that affects the placental development in direct and indirect methods by hormonal and other signals that are critical in normal blood flow rates within the fetal system. Predicting fetal outcome using sonographic indices is considered a noninvasive valuable protocol to manage cases with hypertensive disorders with pregnancy. Fetal weight is one of the critical issues faced by obstetricians and perinatologists
Aim of the study: to determine the value of cerebro placental ratio in predictability of neonatal weight in cases of gestational hypertension.
Patients and Methods: A prospective observational cross sectional study that included 100 pregnant women, 50 ladies had gestational hypertension and 50 women as normal control group attending the antenatal care clinic of Algezeera hospital. Ultrasonographic assessment was carried out with evaluation of routine fetal biometry in addition to Middle cerebral artery (MCA), Umbilical artery (UA) Doppler indices.
Results: UA PI, MCA PI, CPR, Fetal weight and birth weight were statistically significantly higher among the control research group in comparison to the hypertension with pregnancy research group (p values<0.001).
Conclusion: Cerebroplacental ratio is a promising ultrasonographic marker for fetal and neonatal weight that could aid in prediction of neonatal wellbeing and clinical prognosis of hypertensive cases in pregnancy.
Cerebroplacental ratio, Pregnancy, Hypertensive diseases, Fetal outcome