Nanostructures are defined as any structures or materials with one or more dimension which in the nanometer scale range which is under 100 nanometers. Zinc oxide is a one of many nanomaterials with considerable interest because zinc oxide provides striking advantages in biomedical and clinical sites, thanks to its excellent actions in photonics, electronics, and optics. On account of their large volume surface area ratio, special chemical and physical characteristics, nanosize inorganic compounds showed impressive antibacterial activity at very low concentrations. In order to its outstanding properties, zinc oxide is broadly utilize for varied potential operation for example sun powered cells, optical, bright (UV) lasers, photo-detectors, light-emitting diodes, and electrical instruments. Nonetheless, some few reviews shows that structure, size and uniformity of particles have had a profound impact on zinc oxide nanoparticles, properties and resulted in biosensor application. Homogeneous particle morphology, size and consistency are therefore commonly fundamental necessity for its biomedical appliance. However, zinc oxide nanoparticles morphology is highly depend on their synthesis process and is a multifunctional substance with its own features and versatility. The successful application of zinc oxide in nanodevices and nanobiotechnology are represented by one dimensional (1-D) nanostructures, for example like nanotubes, nanowires, nanorings, nanotetrapods and nanoribbons, tetrapods, nanorods, nanorings, nanoplates, hexagonal, nanospheres, nanoflowers, nanoboxes, tripods, nanotubes, and nanocapses with enhanced biosensor analytical performances.
zinc oxide, structures, materials, photonics, tetrapods, nanorods, nanorings, nanoplates, hexagonal