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Outcome of neonatal thrombocytopenia in tertiary care NICU


Journal of Pediatrics & Neonatal Care
Shamama Subuhi Mohammed Zubair

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Abstract

Thrombocytopenia is one of the commonest haematological disorders in the neonatal period, affecting up to a third of those admitted to neonatal intensive care units. It is well recognized that many fetomaternal and neonatal conditions are associated with thrombocytopenia. The majority of episodes of neonatal thrombocytopenia are relatively mild, self-limiting and of short duration but it may cause severe morbidity & mortality due to severe complication like IVH. Methods & material: 140 Newborn admitted in tertiary care NICU were selected to find out outcome and etiology of neonatal thrombocytopenia. Detail maternal history and neonatal physical examination done and Neonates were followed for outcome, relevant investigation done according to cases. Result: Out of 140 neonates 63 neonates had thrombocytopenia (45%).42.8% neonates were premature out of which 63.3% had thrombocytopenia. Other neonatal risk factor for thrombocytopenia are sepsis 38 (74.5%), SGA/IUGR 28(80%) and NEC 9(100%). Maternal risk factor for thrombocytopenia are eclampsia81.8% and infection during pregnancy 72.72%. 95.5 % of all study population were discharged.4.5 % cases of whole study population didn’t survive. 4.54% of mild, 9.09% of moderate and 60 % of severe thrombocytopenic babies didn’t survive. Conclusion: Bleeding manifestations i.e. mucosal, cutaneous and intracranial bleed were significantly associated with severe thrombocytopenia. 60% of mortality was found in severe thrombocytopenic group. Thus, severe thrombocytopenia was found to be a predictor of poor outcome in sick neonates of NICU. 

Keywords

neonatal thrombocytopenia, maternal eclampsia, prematurity, sepsis, outcome

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