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Various ester derivatives from esterification reaction of secondary metabolite compounds: a review


MOJ Ecology & Environmental Sciences
Mila Rosyda, Nanik Siti Aminah, Alfinda Novi Kristanti

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Abstract

Secondary metabolite compounds have a very diverse structure that is widely used as a source of new drug discovery because they have a variety of bioactivity. But in its development, there are several problems related to these compounds including low bioavailability, low solubility and instability in the metabolic process. Modification of the structure of secondary metabolites is used to answer all these problems. One of the processed was by synthesising the ester derivative compounds through the chemical and enzymatic esterification reaction. Esters derivatives of secondary metabolite compounds can increase the diversity of structures, allow for increased biological activity and even new biological activity of these compounds. This review will discuss various processes of modification of the structure of secondary metabolite compounds through chemical and enzymatic esterification reactions that have been reported from 1994-2019.

Keywords

Synthesis, Esterification reaction, Secondary metabolite compounds, Ester derivatives, Enzymatic

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