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Neurological conditions in charaka indriya sthana - an explorative study


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Abstract

Ayurveda is a traditional Indian system of medicine and ‘Charaka samhita’ has been the most popular referral treatise for Ayurvedic academicians, clinicians and researchers all over the world. ‘Indriya sthana’ is one among the 8 sections of ‘Charaka samhita’ and it comprises of 12 chapters which deals with prognostication of life expectancy based on ‘Arishta lakshanas’ (fatal signs and symptoms which indicates imminent death). Arishta lakshanas are the fatal signs which manifests in a diseased person before death. Various neurological conditions are mentioned throughout ‘Charaka Indriya sthana’ in a scattered way. The present study attempts to screen various references pertaining to neurological conditions of ‘Charaka Indriya sthana’ and explore their rationality, clinical significance and prognostic importance in present era. Various references related to neurological conditions like, ‘Neuropathies’, ‘Neuro-ophthalmological disorders’, ‘Neurocognitive disorders’, ‘Neuromuscular disorders’, ‘Neurodegenerative disorders’, ‘Lower motor neuron syndromes’, ‘Movement disorders’ and ‘Demyelinating disorders’ are mentioned in ‘Charaka Indriya sthana’. The neurological conditions mentioned in ‘Charaka Indriya sthana’ are characterized by poor prognosis, irreversible pathology, progressive in nature and commonly found in dying patients or at the end-of-life stages. It seems that neurological conditions mentioned in ‘Charaka Indriya sthana’ have clinical applicability and prognostic significance in present era also. Further studies are required to substantiate the clinical findings mentioned in ‘Charaka Indriya sthana’.

Keywords

demyelinating disorders, neurocognitive disorders, neurodegenerative disorders, neuromuscular disorders, neuro-ophthalmological disorders, neurovascular disorders

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