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Feto–maternal outcome in pregnancy with Heart Disease: A tertiary care centre experience


MOJ Women's Health
Anubhuti Mohan, Usha Mohan, Rahul Singla, Pratima Mittal, Divya Pandey, Rekha Bharti

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Abstract

Aim and Objectives: To know the prevalence and etiological types of heart disease in pregnant female and to describe the foetal and maternal outcome. Methodology: A retrospective hospital based study of all women with congenital or acquired heart disease admitted in Safdarjung hospital in 2016 was performed. The etiological type of heart disease and maternal and neonatal outcome were evaluated. Results: Median age of all the patients enrolled was 25yrs (19yrs–31yrs) which included mostly multigravida with POG from 28 to 41 weeks of gestation. Among all the patients 62% were unbooked. Rheumatic heart disease was most prevalent followed by congenital heart disease (13.6%) and Cardiomyopathy (13.7%). It was also found in the study that Instrumental Vaginal delivery was the preferred method. The fetal outcome was also evaluated and it was found that Pre term delivery, Low Birth weight and IUGR were main complications found in the mothers with heart disease which resulted in 27% NICU admissions and 5.1% neonatal mortality. Conclusion: Cardiac lesions and pregnancy both may affect each other adversely. Joint care of obstetrician, cardiologist and anesthetist, avoidance of complications that add to the burden on the heart and compliance of the patient and her family to regular follow up will go a long way in ensuing a safe outcome for mother and fetus. 

Keywords

Feto–maternal, pregnancy, womens health, heart disease, hemodynamic

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