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Response in growth and yield of the local palu shallot (Allium ascalonicum L. Var. Aggregatum) to the direction and building form of the planting beds


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Abstract

Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) is one of the economically important types of tuber vegetables and is widely consumed as a food seasoning. In addition, shallots are also used as ingredients of certain medicines. Development of Palu local shallot farming is mostly done on dry land, both on flat and sloping land concessions with the application of improvised technology.

 

This research uses a Split Plot Design. The main plot is the direction of the beds (A) consisting of 2 (two) levels, namely: (A1) = The beds are made in the direction of the slope of the land and (A2) = the beds are made to cut the direction of the slope of the land. The subplot is the Shape of the Bed (B) consisting of two levels, namely: (B1) = Inner bed and (B2) = High bed. Each treatment was repeated three times, so that over all there were 2 x 2 x 3 = 12 trial plots. To determine the type of treatment in each trial plot, randomization was previously carried out. Randomization was carried out in stages, namely: the first stage randomized the location of the Main Plots, then continued the second stage by randomizing the Plots in each Main Plot.

 

The results of this study indicate that there is no real interaction between the treatment of the beds and the shape of the beds on the growth and yield of Palu's local shallots in Guntarano Village. In general, the treatment of the beds does not significantly affect the growth and yield of Palu local shallots. The shape of the inner beds can give growth and yield of Palu local shallots better than the shape of the raised beds.

 

Keywords

growth, bed, shallots, decreased soil fertility, making good beds, planting shallots, array system, analysis results, growing environment, plant growth, irrigation water, metabolic and physiological disorders, planting technique

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