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Role of palmar dermatoglyphics in detecting precancerous lesions

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Dermatoglyphics is the reflection of dna.palmar prints once formed does not change throughout life and can beinfluenced by environment.palmar dermatoglyphics can indicate the development of potentially malignant and malignant lesions and help in identifying persons at high risk of developing oral submucous fibrosis (osmf) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (ossc).

Aim of the study: To analyze the correlation of palmar dermatoglyphics pattern in osmf, leukoplakia and healthy patients.

materials and methods: A cross-sectional study comprised of 45 patientswhich were divided in to four separate groups group i-osmf consisted of (grade-I,II,III,IV),group II-leukoplakia,group III-habits without lesion,group iv-control group. In all the patients palm prints were recorded using hp scanner and finger tips pattern were recorded using intraoral camera. And evaluated using onewayannova test spss 19th version.

Results: Whorls on left hand more common in group iv than in group I,II,III. Whorls on right hand are same in group I,II group less group III. loops are more in group I,II,III, less in group IV.absence of arches seen in group I and ii 6.7% in group III and 13.3% in group iv. Mean atd triangle was less in group I,II,III when compared to group iv.over all p value is 0.001.

Conclusion: The individuality of a person’s finger prints led to the analysis of one’s potential, personality and preferences by analyzing dermatoglyphics.


palms, digits, soles, oral mucosa, sharp tooth margins, improper restorations, prosthesis, alcohol, smoking, infants, cerebral palsy, rubella