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Anti- hypertensive activity of Ayurvedic medicinal plants

International Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Hari Khanal, Ram Kishor Joshi, Abhishek Upadhyay


Hypertension is a chronic non communicable disease and often asymptomatic medical condition in which the pressure exerted by the blood on the wall of the artery is elevated. It is chiefly of unknown aetiology, but genetic factors play significant role for its development. Uncontrolled hypertension is a risk factor for various pathological conditions such as heart attack, heart failure, stroke, retinal haemorrhage and kidney disease. In Ayurveda a number of medicinal plants and Ayurveda compound formulations have been prescribed by Ayurveda doctors for the treatment of hypertension. The therapeutic efficacy of those plants has also being verified by using modern pharmacological experimental models. This paper reviews various clinical and experimental studies conducted in the last few decades on plants showing anti-hypertensive property.


Ayurveda, hypertension, medicinal plants, heart failure, stroke, retinal haemorrhage, kidney disease