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Urbanization effect on ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

MOJ Ecology & Environmental Sciences
Raisa A Sukhodolskaya,1 Anatoliy A Saveliev,2 Natalya I Eremeeva,3 Iraida GVorobyova4

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We sampled beetles in different regions of Russia (Tatarstan Republic, Mariy El Republic, Udmurtia Republic, Kemerovo, Sverdlovsk, Stavropol, Cis-Ural provinces) at sites which varied in the level of anthropogenic impact and vegetation. We used linear models to clarify how urbanization affected body size variation in studied species. All of them were palearctic generalists – Carabus granulatus, Carabus cancellatus, Pterostichus melanarius, Pterostichus niger, Poecilus cupreus, and only Carabus aeruginosus was a Siberian one. Beetles we measured for six dimensional traits. In a whole 12000 specimen have been analyzed. Results showed that different traits of Ground Beetles can response to urbanization in opposite directions: e.g. in some studies species factor “city” decreased elytra length, but increased its width and vise versa. Effect of “city” and “suburbs” factors had different directions, e. g. in a given species body size decreased in cities but in suburbs it increased and verse versa. Cognate species, which occupy similar ecological niches, have responded to urbanization in opposite directions. Females and males can respond to urbanization in opposite directions, the latter lead to the significant body size sexual dimorphism in the gradient of urbanization.


Body size variation, Ground beetles, Urbanization impact, Linear models, Sexual structure, Climates, Biogeographic context, Meta-analysis, Paleartic generalists species, Pronotum length, Carabid, Urban habitats, Natural territories, Biodiversity, Ecological niches